What is pronation, Overpronation, underpronation and neutral pronation? Gait Analysis

Pronation refers to the way in which your foot rolls inwards as it strikes the floor. This is your body’s way of distributing impact, and a natural part of the gait cycle. Understanding your pronation type is important when selecting the best type of running shoe which ultimately helps you to avoid injury.

The different types of pronation

Here are the three types of pronation –

Overpronation – Around 70% of the population overpronate, which is the most common type of pronation in runners. As the foot is planted it rolls inward excessively, transferring weight to the inner edge instead of centering it on the ball of the foot. It is usually seen in runners who have low arches or flat feet.

Underpronation – Sometimes referred to as supunation, this is when the outer side of the foot strikes the ground at a steeper than normal angle with little or no movement inward which causes a jarring effect, and a large transmission of shock through the lower leg. It is usually seen in runners with high arches.

Neutral – Neutral pronation occurs when the foot lands on the outer edge and then rolls inward in a controlled manner, distributing weight and helping to absorb shock. On push off, there is an even distribution of pressure from the front of the foot.

Got any questions? Contact us now

If you have any questions about the different kinds of pronation, please do not hesitate to get in touch with Active Footcare now.

A biomechanical assessment identifies any malalignments by means of detailed measurements and tests. We also carry out gait analysis which involves observation whilst walking barefoot and in footwear. This is recorded and analysed and you could also be required to walk or run on a treadmill.